Category Archives: Fallacies

How we know what to rely upon

The meanings of terms such as ‘theory’, ‘hypothesis’, ‘science’ and ‘nonsense’ Continue reading

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Fallacies 18: Appeal to authority

It’s not enough to cite an expert – it must be an expert in the appropriate area of study because nobody knows everything. Continue reading

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Fallacies 17: The appeal to popularity

Instead of counting heads, ask what the evidence is for new ideas and beliefs. Who cares what the herd thinks? Unless, of course, you’re a sheep. Continue reading

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Fallacies 16: The Star Trek fallacy (The argument from internal circularity)

If it wasn’t true it wouldn’t be in the book Continue reading

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Fallacies 15: Correlation = causation

One of the first symptoms of the bubonic plague that caused so much devastation throughout Europe was the sensation of a sweet smell. This was not caused by an actual scent in the air but rather by physical processes related … Continue reading

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Fallacies 13: Ad hominem

An ad hominem argument alone is not worth listening to because without addressing the issues themselves it has no substance. Continue reading

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Fallacies 12: The false dichotomy

the narrow focus of the false dichotomy continues to influence people and can actually sound quite convincing if we accept their assessment of the situation at face value Continue reading

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